7.1. Release notes for bttv¶

You’ll need at least these config options for bttv:

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The latest bttv version is available from http://bytesex.org/bttv/

7.2. Make bttv work with your card¶

Just try “modprobe bttv” and see if that works.

If it doesn’t bttv likely could not autodetect your card and needs someinsmod options. The most important insmod option for bttv is “card=n”to select the correct card type. If you get video but no sound you’vevery likely specified the wrong (or no) card type. A list of supportedcards is in CARDLIST.bttv

If bttv takes very long to load (happens sometimes with the cheapcards which have no tuner), try adding this to your modules.conf:

For the WinTV/PVR you need one firmware file from the driver CD:hcwamc.rbf. The file is in the pvr45xxx.exe archive (self-extractingzip file, unzip can unpack it). Put it into the /etc/pvr directory oruse the firm_altera=<path> insmod option to point the driver to thelocation of the file.

If your card isn’t listed in CARDLIST.bttv or if you have trouble makingaudio work, you should read the Sound-FAQ.

7.3. Autodetecting cards¶

bttv uses the PCI Subsystem ID to autodetect the card type. lspci liststhe Subsystem ID in the second line, looks like this:

only bt878-based cards can have a subsystem ID (which does not meanthat every card really has one). bt848 cards can’t have a SubsystemID and therefore can’t be autodetected. There is a list with the ID’sin bttv-cards.c (in case you are intrested or want to mail patcheswith updates).

7.4. Still doesn’t work?¶

Telsignal Mobile Phones & Portable Devices Driver

I do NOT have a lab with 30+ different grabber boards and aPAL/NTSC/SECAM test signal generator at home, so I often can’treproduce your problems. This makes debugging very difficult for me.If you have some knowledge and spare time, please try to fix thisyourself (patches very welcome of course...) You know: The linuxslogan is “Do it yourself”.

There is a mailing list athttp://vger.kernel.org/vger-lists.html#linux-media

If you have trouble with some specific TV card, try to ask thereinstead of mailing me directly. The chance that someone with thesame card listens there is much higher...

For problems with sound: There are a lot of different systems usedfor TV sound all over the world. And there are also different chipswhich decode the audio signal. Reports about sound problems (“stereodoes’nt work”) are pretty useless unless you include some detailsabout your hardware and the TV sound scheme used in your country (orat least the country you are living in).

7.5. Modprobe options¶

Note: “modinfo <module>” prints various information about a kernelmodule, among them a complete and up-to-date list of insmod options.This list tends to be outdated because it is updated manually ...





tea6300.o - OBSOLETE (use tvaudio instead)

tda8425.o - OBSOLETE (use tvaudio instead)

tda985x.o - OBSOLETE (use tvaudio instead)

7.6. If the box freezes hard with bttv¶

It might be a bttv driver bug. It also might be bad hardware. It alsomight be something else ...

Just mailing me “bttv freezes” isn’t going to help much. This READMEhas a few hints how you can help to pin down the problem.

7.6.1. bttv bugs¶

If some version works and another doesn’t it is likely to be a driverbug. It is very helpful if you can tell where exactly it broke(i.e. the last working and the first broken version).

With a hard freeze you probably doesn’t find anything in the logfiles.The only way to capture any kernel messages is to hook up a serialconsole and let some terminal application log the messages. /me usesscreen. See Documentation/admin-guide/serial-console.rst for details on settingup a serial console.

Read Documentation/admin-guide/oops-tracing.rst to learn how to get any usefulinformation out of a register+stack dump printed by the kernel onprotection faults (so-called “kernel oops”).

If you run into some kind of deadlock, you can try to dump a call tracefor each process using sysrq-t (see Documentation/sysrq.txt).This way it is possible to figure where exactly some process in “D”state is stuck.

I’ve seen reports that bttv 0.7.x crashes whereas 0.8.x works rock solidfor some people. Thus probably a small buglet left somewhere in bttv0.7.x. I have no idea where exactly, it works stable for me and a lot ofother people. But in case you have problems with the 0.7.x versions youcan give 0.8.x a try ...

7.6.2. hardware bugs¶

Some hardware can’t deal with PCI-PCI transfers (i.e. grabber => vga).Sometimes problems show up with bttv just because of the high load onthe PCI bus. The bt848/878 chips have a few workarounds for knownincompatibilities, see README.quirks.

Some folks report that increasing the pci latency helps too,althrought I’m not sure whenever this really fixes the problems oronly makes it less likely to happen. Both bttv and btaudio have ainsmod option to set the PCI latency of the device.

Some mainboard have problems to deal correctly with multiple devicesdoing DMA at the same time. bttv + ide seems to cause this sometimes,if this is the case you likely see freezes only with video and hard diskaccess at the same time. Updating the IDE driver to get the latest andgreatest workarounds for hardware bugs might fix these problems.

7.6.3. other¶

If you use some binary-only yunk (like nvidia module) try to reproducethe problem without.

IRQ sharing is known to cause problems in some cases. It works justfine in theory and many configurations. Neverless it might be worth atry to shuffle around the PCI cards to give bttv another IRQ or makeit share the IRQ with some other piece of hardware. IRQ sharing withVGA cards seems to cause trouble sometimes. I’ve also seen funnyeffects with bttv sharing the IRQ with the ACPI bridge (andapci-enabled kernel).

7.7. Bttv quirks¶

Below is what the bt878 data book says about the PCI bug compatibilitymodes of the bt878 chip.

The triton1 insmod option sets the EN_TBFX bit in the control register.The vsfx insmod option does the same for EN_VSFX bit. If you havestability problems you can try if one of these options makes your boxwork solid.

drivers/pci/quirks.c knows about these issues, this way these bits areenabled automagically for known-buggy chipsets (look at the kernelmessages, bttv tells you).

7.7.1. Normal PCI Mode¶

The PCI REQ signal is the logical-or of the incoming function requests.The inter-nal GNT[0:1] signals are gated asynchronously with GNT anddemultiplexed by the audio request signal. Thus the arbiter defaults tothe video function at power-up and parks there during no requests forbus access. This is desirable since the video will request the bus moreoften. However, the audio will have highest bus access priority. Thusthe audio will have first access to the bus even when issuing a requestafter the video request but before the PCI external arbiter has grantedaccess to the Bt879. Neither function can preempt the other once on thebus. The duration to empty the entire video PCI FIFO onto the PCI bus isvery short compared to the bus access latency the audio PCI FIFO cantolerate.

7.7.2. 430FX Compatibility Mode¶

When using the 430FX PCI, the following rules will ensurecompatibility:

  1. Deassert REQ at the same time as asserting FRAME.
  2. Do not reassert REQ to request another bus transaction until afterfinish-ing the previous transaction.

Since the individual bus masters do not have direct control of REQ, asimple logical-or of video and audio requests would violate the rules.Thus, both the arbiter and the initiator contain 430FX compatibilitymode logic. To enable 430FX mode, set the EN_TBFX bit as indicated inDevice Control Register on page 104.

When EN_TBFX is enabled, the arbiter ensures that the two compatibilityrules are satisfied. Before GNT is asserted by the PCI arbiter, thisinternal arbiter may still logical-or the two requests. However, oncethe GNT is issued, this arbiter must lock in its decision and now routeonly the granted request to the REQ pin. The arbiter decision lockhappens regardless of the state of FRAME because it does not know whenFRAME will be asserted (typically - each initiator will assert FRAME onthe cycle following GNT). When FRAME is asserted, it is the initiator sresponsibility to remove its request at the same time. It is thearbiters responsibility to allow this request to flow through to REQ andnot allow the other request to hold REQ asserted. The decision lock maybe removed at the end of the transaction: for example, when the bus isidle (FRAME and IRDY). The arbiter decision may then continueasynchronously until GNT is again asserted.

7.7.3. Interfacing with Non-PCI 2.1 Compliant Core Logic¶

A small percentage of core logic devices may start a bus transactionduring the same cycle that GNT is de-asserted. This is non PCI 2.1compliant. To ensure compatibility when using PCs with these PCIcontrollers, the EN_VSFX bit must be enabled (refer to Device ControlRegister on page 104). When in this mode, the arbiter does not pass GNTto the internal functions unless REQ is asserted. This prevents a bustransaction from starting the same cycle as GNT is de-asserted. Thisalso has the side effect of not being able to take advantage of busparking, thus lowering arbitration performance. The Bt879 drivers mustquery for these non-compliant devices, and set the EN_VSFX bit only ifrequired.

7.8. bttv and sound mini howto¶

There are a lot of different bt848/849/878/879 based boards available.Making video work often is not a big deal, because this is handledcompletely by the bt8xx chip, which is common on all boards. Butsound is handled in slightly different ways on each board.

To handle the grabber boards correctly, there is a array tvcards[] inbttv-cards.c, which holds the information required for each board.Sound will work only, if the correct entry is used (for video it oftenmakes no difference). The bttv driver prints a line to the kernellog, telling which card type is used. Like this one:

You should verify this is correct. If it isn’t, you have to pass thecorrect board type as insmod argument, “insmod bttv card=2” forexample. The file CARDLIST has a list of valid arguments for card.If your card isn’t listed there, you might check the source code fornew entries which are not listed yet. If there isn’t one for yourcard, you can check if one of the existing entries does work for you(just trial and error...).

Some boards have an extra processor for sound to do stereo decodingand other nice features. The msp34xx chips are used by Hauppauge forexample. If your board has one, you might have to load a helpermodule like msp3400.o to make sound work. If there isn’t one for thechip used on your board: Bad luck. Start writing a new one. Well,you might want to check the video4linux mailing list archive first...

Of course you need a correctly installed soundcard unless you have thespeakers connected directly to the grabber board. Hint: check themixer settings too. ALSA for example has everything muted by default.

7.8.1. How sound works in detail¶

Still doesn’t work? Looks like some driver hacking is required.Below is a do-it-yourself description for you.

The bt8xx chips have 32 general purpose pins, and registers to controlthese pins. One register is the output enable register(BT848_GPIO_OUT_EN), it says which pins are actively driven by thebt848 chip. Another one is the data register (BT848_GPIO_DATA), whereyou can get/set the status if these pins. They can be used for inputand output.

Most grabber board vendors use these pins to control an external chipwhich does the sound routing. But every board is a little different.These pins are also used by some companies to drive remote controlreceiver chips. Some boards use the i2c bus instead of the gpio pinsto connect the mux chip.

As mentioned above, there is a array which holds the requiredinformation for each known board. You basically have to create a newline for your board. The important fields are these two:

gpiomask specifies which pins are used to control the audio mux chip.The corresponding bits in the output enable register(BT848_GPIO_OUT_EN) will be set as these pins must be driven by thebt848 chip.

The audiomux[] array holds the data values for the different inputs(i.e. which pins must be high/low for tuner/mute/...). This will bewritten to the data register (BT848_GPIO_DATA) to switch the audiomux.

What you have to do is figure out the correct values for gpiomask andthe audiomux array. If you have Windows and the drivers four yourcard installed, you might to check out if you can read these registersvalues used by the windows driver. A tool to do this is availablefrom ftp://telepresence.dmem.strath.ac.uk/pub/bt848/winutil, but itdoesn’t work with bt878 boards according to some reports I received.Another one with bt878 support is available fromhttp://btwincap.sourceforge.net/Files/btspy2.00.zip

You might also dig around in the *.ini files of the Windows applications.You can have a look at the board to see which of the gpio pins areconnected at all and then start trial-and-error ...

Starting with release 0.7.41 bttv has a number of insmod options tomake the gpio debugging easier:

The messages printed with bttv_gpio=1 look like this:

7.8.2. Other elements of the tvcards array¶

If you are trying to make a new card work you might find it useful toknow what the other elements in the tvcards array are good for:

If some config item is specified both from the tvcards array and asinsmod option, the insmod option takes precedence.

7.9. Cards¶


For a more updated list, please checkhttps://linuxtv.org/wiki/index.php/Hardware_Device_Information

7.9.1. Supported cards: Bt848/Bt848a/Bt849/Bt878/Bt879 cards¶

All cards with Bt848/Bt848a/Bt849/Bt878/Bt879 and normalComposite/S-VHS inputs are supported. Teletext and Intercast support(PAL only) for ALL cards via VBI sample decoding in software.

Some cards with additional multiplexing of inputs or other additionalfancy chips are only partially supported (unless specifications by thecard manufacturer are given). When a card is listed here it isn’tnecessarily fully supported.

All other cards only differ by additional components as tuners, sounddecoders, EEPROMs, teletext decoders ...

7.9.2. MATRIX Vision¶

MV-Delta- Bt848A- 4 Composite inputs, 1 S-VHS input (shared with 4th composite)- EEPROM

This card has no tuner but supports all 4 composite (1 shared with anS-VHS input) of the Bt848A.Very nice card if you only have satellite TV but several tuners connectedto the card via composite.

Many thanks to Matrix-Vision for giving us 2 cards for free which madeBt848a/Bt849 single crystal operation support possible!!!

7.9.3. Miro/Pinnacle PCTV¶

  • Bt848some (all??) come with 2 crystals for PAL/SECAM and NTSC
  • PAL, SECAM or NTSC TV tuner (Philips or TEMIC)
  • MSP34xx sound decoder on add on boarddecoder is supported but AFAIK does not yet work(other sound MUX setting in GPIO port needed??? somebody who fixed this???)
  • 1 tuner, 1 composite and 1 S-VHS input
  • tuner type is autodetected

Many thanks for the free card which made first NTSC support possible backin 1997!

7.9.4. Hauppauge Win/TV pci¶

There are many different versions of the Hauppauge cards with differenttuners (TV+Radio ...), teletext decoders.Note that even cards with same model numbers have (depending on the revision)different chips on it.

  • Bt848 (and others but always in 2 crystal operation???)newer cards have a Bt878
  • PAL, SECAM, NTSC or tuner with or without Radio support


  • PAL:
    • TDA5737: VHF, hyperband and UHF mixer/oscillator for TV and VCR 3-band tuners
    • TSA5522: 1.4 GHz I2C-bus controlled synthesizer, I2C 0xc2-0xc3
  • NTSC:
    • TDA5731: VHF, hyperband and UHF mixer/oscillator for TV and VCR 3-band tuners
    • TSA5518: no datasheet available on Philips site
  • Philips SAA5246 or SAA5284 ( or no) Teletext decoder chipwith buffer RAM (e.g. Winbond W24257AS-35: 32Kx8 CMOS static RAM)SAA5246 (I2C 0x22) is supported
  • 256 bytes EEPROM: Microchip 24LC02B or Philips 8582E2Ywith configuration informationI2C address 0xa0 (24LC02B also responds to 0xa2-0xaf)
  • 1 tuner, 1 composite and (depending on model) 1 S-VHS input
  • 14052B: mux for selection of sound source
  • sound decoder: TDA9800, MSP34xx (stereo cards)

7.9.5. Askey CPH-Series¶

Developed by TelSignal(?), OEMed by many vendors (Typhoon, Anubis, Dynalink)

  • Card series:- CPH01x: BT848 capture only- CPH03x: BT848- CPH05x: BT878 with FM- CPH06x: BT878 (w/o FM)- CPH07x: BT878 capture only
  • TV standards:- CPH0x0: NTSC-M/M- CPH0x1: PAL-B/G- CPH0x2: PAL-I/I- CPH0x3: PAL-D/K- CPH0x4: SECAM-L/L- CPH0x5: SECAM-B/G- CPH0x6: SECAM-D/K- CPH0x7: PAL-N/N- CPH0x8: PAL-B/H- CPH0x9: PAL-M/M
  • CPH03x was often sold as “TV capturer”.


  1. 878 cards can be identified by PCI Subsystem-ID:- 144f:3000 = CPH06x- 144F:3002 = CPH05x w/ FM- 144F:3005 = CPH06x_LC (w/o remote control)
  2. The cards have a sticker with “CPH”-model on the back.
  3. These cards have a number printed on the PCB just above the tuner metal box:- “80-CP2000300-x” = CPH03X- “80-CP2000500-x” = CPH05X- “80-CP2000600-x” = CPH06X / CPH06x_LC

Askey sells these cards as “Magic TView series”, Brand “MagicXpress”.Other OEM often call these “Tview”, “TView99” or else.

7.9.6. Lifeview Flyvideo Series:¶

The naming of these series differs in time and space.

  1. Some models can be identified by PCI subsystem ID:

    • 1852:1852 = Flyvideo 98 FM
    • 1851:1850 = Flyvideo 98
    • 1851:1851 = Flyvideo 98 EZ (capture only)
  2. There is a print on the PCB:

    • LR25 = Flyvideo (Zoran ZR36120, SAA7110A)

    • LR26 Rev.N = Flyvideo II (Bt848)

    • LR26 Rev.O = Flyvideo II (Bt878)

    • LR37 Rev.C = Flyvideo EZ (Capture only, ZR36120 + SAA7110)

    • LR38 Rev.A1= Flyvideo II EZ (Bt848 capture only)

    • LR50 Rev.Q = Flyvideo 98 (w/eeprom and PCI subsystem ID)

    • LR50 Rev.W = Flyvideo 98 (no eeprom)

    • LR51 Rev.E = Flyvideo 98 EZ (capture only)

    • LR90 = Flyvideo 2000 (Bt878)

    • LR90 Flyvideo 2000S (Bt878) w/Stereo TV (Package incl. LR91 daughterboard)

    • LR91 = Stereo daughter card for LR90

    • LR97 = Flyvideo DVBS

    • LR99 Rev.E = Low profile card for OEM integration (only internal audio!) bt878

    • LR136 = Flyvideo 2100/3100 (Low profile, SAA7130/SAA7134)

    • LR137 = Flyvideo DV2000/DV3000 (SAA7130/SAA7134 + IEEE1394)

    • LR138 Rev.C= Flyvideo 2000 (SAA7130)

    • LR138 Flyvideo 3000 (SAA7134) w/Stereo TV

      • These exist in variations w/FM and w/Remote sometimes denotedby suffixes “FM” and “R”.
  3. You have a laptop (miniPCI card):

    • Product = FlyTV Platinum Mini
    • Model/Chip = LR212/saa7135
    • Lifeview.com.tw states (Feb. 2002):“The FlyVideo2000 and FlyVideo2000s product name have renamed to FlyVideo98.”Their Bt8x8 cards are listed as discontinued.
    • Flyvideo 2000S was probably sold as Flyvideo 3000 in some contries(Europe?).The new Flyvideo 2000/3000 are SAA7130/SAA7134 based.

“Flyvideo II” had been the name for the 848 cards, nowadays (in Germany)this name is re-used for LR50 Rev.W.

The Lifeview website mentioned Flyvideo III at some time, but such a cardhas not yet been seen (perhaps it was the german name for LR90 [stereo]).These cards are sold by many OEMs too.

FlyVideo A2 (Elta 8680)= LR90 Rev.F (w/Remote, w/o FM, stereo TV by tda9821) {Germany}

Lifeview 3000 (Elta 8681) as sold by Plus(April 2002), Germany = LR138 w/ saa7134 lifeview config coding on gpio pins 0-9¶

  • LR50 rev. Q (“PARTS: 7031505116), Tuner wurde als Nr. 5 erkannt, EingängeSVideo, TV, Composite, Audio, Remote:
  • CP9..1=100001001 (1: 0-Ohm-Widerstand gegen GND unbestückt; 0: bestückt)

7.9.7. Typhoon TV card series:¶

These can be CPH, Flyvideo, Pixelview or KNC1 series.Typhoon is the brand of Anubis.Model 50680 got re-used, some model no. had different contents over time.


  • 50680 “TV Tuner PCI Pal BG”(old,red package)=can be CPH03x(bt848) or CPH06x(bt878)
  • 50680 “TV Tuner Pal BG” (blue package)= Pixelview PV-BT878P+ (Rev 9B)
  • 50681 “TV Tuner PCI Pal I” (variant of 50680)
  • 50682 “TView TV/FM Tuner Pal BG” = Flyvideo 98FM (LR50 Rev.Q)


The package has a picture of CPH05x (which would be a real TView)

  • 50683 “TV Tuner PCI SECAM” (variant of 50680)
  • 50684 “TV Tuner Pal BG” = Pixelview 878TV(Rev.3D)
  • 50686 “TV Tuner” = KNC1 TV Station
  • 50687 “TV Tuner stereo” = KNC1 TV Station pro
  • 50688 “TV Tuner RDS” (black package) = KNC1 TV Station RDS
  • 50689 TV SAT DVB-S CARD CI PCI (SAA7146AH, SU1278?) = “KNC1 TV Station DVB-S”
  • 50692 “TV/FM Tuner” (small PCB)
  • 50804 PC-SAT TV/Audio Karte = Techni-PC-Sat (ZORAN 36120PQC, Tuner:Alps)
  • 50868 “TV/FM Tuner Pal I” (variant of 50682)
  • 50999 “TV/FM Tuner Secam” (variant of 50682)

7.9.8. Guillemot¶


  • Maxi-TV PCI (ZR36120)
  • Maxi TV Video 2 = LR50 Rev.Q (FI1216MF, PAL BG+SECAM)
  • Maxi TV Video 3 = CPH064 (PAL BG + SECAM)

7.9.9. Mentor¶

Mentor TV card (“55-878TV-U1”) = Pixelview 878TV(Rev.3F) (w/FM w/Remote)

7.9.10. Prolink¶

  • TV cards:
    • PixelView Play TV pro - (Model: PV-BT878P+ REV 8E)
    • PixelView Play TV pro - (Model: PV-BT878P+ REV 9D)
    • PixelView Play TV pro - (Model: PV-BT878P+ REV 4C / 8D / 10A )
    • PixelView Play TV - (Model: PV-BT848P+)
    • 878TV - (Model: PV-BT878TV)
  • Multimedia TV packages (card + software pack):
    • PixelView Play TV Theater - (Model: PV-M4200) = PixelView Play TV pro + Software
    • PixelView Play TV PAK - (Model: PV-BT878P+ REV 4E)
    • PixelView Play TV/VCR - (Model: PV-M3200 REV 4C / 8D / 10A )
    • PixelView Studio PAK - (Model: M2200 REV 4C / 8D / 10A )
    • PixelView PowerStudio PAK - (Model: PV-M3600 REV 4E)
    • PixelView DigitalVCR PAK - (Model: PV-M2400 REV 4C / 8D / 10A )
    • PixelView PlayTV PAK II (TV/FM card + usb camera) PV-M3800
    • PixelView PlayTV XP PV-M4700,PV-M4700(w/FM)
    • PixelView PlayTV DVR PV-M4600 package contents:PixelView PlayTV pro, windvr & videoMail s/w
  • Further Cards:
    • PV-BT878P+rev.9B (Play TV Pro, opt. w/FM w/NICAM)
    • PV-BT878P+rev.2F
    • PV-BT878P Rev.1D (bt878, capture only)
    • XCapture PV-CX881P (cx23881)
    • PlayTV HD PV-CX881PL+, PV-CX881PL+(w/FM) (cx23881)
    • DTV3000 PV-DTV3000P+ DVB-S CI = Twinhan VP-1030
    • DTV2000 DVB-S = Twinhan VP-1020
  • Video Conferencing:
    • PixelView Meeting PAK - (Model: PV-BT878P)
    • PixelView Meeting PAK Lite - (Model: PV-BT878P)
    • PixelView Meeting PAK plus - (Model: PV-BT878P+rev 4C/8D/10A)
    • PixelView Capture - (Model: PV-BT848P)
    • PixelView PlayTV USB pro
    • Model No. PV-NT1004+, PV-NT1004+ (w/FM) = NT1004 USB decoder chip + SAA7113 video decoder chip

7.9.12. Phoebemicro¶

  • TV Master = CPH030 or CPH060
  • TV Master FM = CPH050

7.9.13. Genius/Kye¶

  • Video Wonder/Genius Internet Video Kit = LR37 Rev.C
  • Video Wonder Pro II (848 or 878) = LR26

7.9.14. Tekram¶

  • VideoCap C205 (Bt848)
  • VideoCap C210 (zr36120 +Philips)
  • CaptureTV M200 (ISA)
  • CaptureTV M205 (Bt848)

7.9.15. Lucky Star¶

  • Image World Conference TV = LR50 Rev. Q

7.9.16. Leadtek¶

  • WinView 601 (Bt848)
  • WinView 610 (Zoran)
  • WinFast2000
  • WinFast2000 XP Support for the Leadtek WinView 601 TV/FM¶

Author of this section: Jon Tombs <jon@gte.esi.us.es>

This card is basically the same as all the rest (Bt484A, Philips tuner),the main difference is that they have attached a programmable attenuator to 3GPIO lines in order to give some volume control. They have also stuck aninfra-red remote control decoded on the board, I will add support for thiswhen I get time (it simple generates an interrupt for each key press, withthe key code is placed in the GPIO port).

I don’t yet have any application to test the radio support. The tunerfrequency setting should work but it is possible that the audio multiplexeris wrong. If it doesn’t work, send me email.

  • No Thanks to Leadtek they refused to answer any questions about theirhardware. The driver was written by visual inspection of the card. If youuse this driver, send an email insult to them, and tell them you won’tcontinue buying their hardware unless they support Linux.
  • Little thanks to Princeton Technology Corp (http://www.princeton.com.tw)who make the audio attenuator. Their publicly available>PCBPCI-IDModel-NameEepromTunerSoundCountryM101.CISA !M108-BBt848–FR1236US [2], [3]M1A8-ABt848AVer TV-PhoneFM1216–M168-T1461:0003AVerTV Studio48:17FM1216TDA9840TD [1] w/FM w/RemoteM168-U1461:0004TVCapture9840:11FI1216–D w/RemoteM168II-B1461:0003Medion MD959248:16FM1216TDA9873HD w/FM
    [1]Daughterboard MB68-A with TDA9820T and TDA9840T
    [2]Sony NE41S soldered (stereo sound?)
    [3]Daughterboard M118-A w/ pic 16c54 and 4 MHz quartz
    • US site has different drivers for (as of 09/2002):
      • EZ Capture/InterCam PCI (BT-848 chip)
      • EZ Capture/InterCam PCI (BT-878 chip)
      • TV-Phone (BT-848 chip)
      • TV98 (BT-848 chip)
      • TV98 With Remote (BT-848 chip)
      • TV98 (BT-878 chip)
      • TV98 With Remote (BT-878)
      • TV/FM98 (BT-878 chip)
      • AVerTV
      • AverTV Stereo
      • AVerTV Studio

    DE hat diverse Treiber fuer diese Modelle (Stand 09/2002):

    • TVPhone (848) mit Philips tuner FR12X6 (w/ FM radio)
    • TVPhone (848) mit Philips tuner FM12X6 (w/ FM radio)
    • TVCapture (848) w/Philips tuner FI12X6
    • TVCapture (848) non-Philips tuner
    • TVCapture98 (Bt878)
    • TVPhone98 (Bt878)
    • AVerTV und TVCapture98 w/VCR (Bt 878)
    • AVerTVStudio und TVPhone98 w/VCR (Bt878)
    • AVerTV GO Serie (Kein SVideo Input)
    • AVerTV98 (BT-878 chip)
    • AVerTV98 mit Fernbedienung (BT-878 chip)
    • AVerTV/FM98 (BT-878 chip)
    • VDOmate (www.averm.com.cn) = M168U ?

7.9.22. Aimslab¶


  • Video Highway or “Video Highway TR200” (ISA)
  • Video Highway Xtreme (aka “VHX”) (Bt848, FM w/ TEA5757)

7.9.23. IXMicro (former: IMS=Integrated Micro Solutions)¶


  • IXTV BT848 (=TurboTV)
  • IXTV BT878
  • IMS TurboTV (Bt848)

7.9.24. Lifetec/Medion/Tevion/Aldi¶


  • LT9306/MD9306 = CPH061
  • LT9415/MD9415 = LR90 Rev.F or Rev.G
  • MD9592 = Avermedia TVphone98 (PCI_ID=1461:0003), PCB-Rev=M168II-B (w/TDA9873H)
  • MD9717 = KNC One (Rev D4, saa7134, FM1216 MK2 tuner)
  • MD5044 = KNC One (Rev D4, saa7134, FM1216ME MK3 tuner)

7.9.25. Modular Technologies (www.modulartech.com) UK¶


  • MM100 PCTV (Bt848)
  • MM201 PCTV (Bt878, Bt832) w/ Quartzsight camera
  • MM202 PCTV (Bt878, Bt832, tda9874)
  • MM205 PCTV (Bt878)
  • MM210 PCTV (Bt878) (Galaxy TV, Galaxymedia ?)

7.9.26. Terratec¶


  • Terra TV+ Version 1.0 (Bt848), “ceb105.PCB” printed on the PCB, TDA9821
  • Terra TV+ Version 1.1 (Bt878), “LR74 Rev.E” printed on the PCB, TDA9821
  • Terra TValueRadio, “LR102 Rev.C” printed on the PCB
  • Terra TV/Radio+ Version 1.0, “80-CP2830100-0” TTTV3 printed on the PCB,“CPH010-E83” on the back, SAA6588T, TDA9873H
  • Terra TValue Version BT878, “80-CP2830110-0 TTTV4” printed on the PCB,“CPH011-D83” on back
  • Terra TValue Version 1.0 “ceb105.PCB” (really identical to Terra TV+ Version 1.0)
  • Terra TValue New Revision “LR102 Rec.C”
  • Terra Active Radio Upgrade (tea5757h, saa6588t)
  • LR74 is a newer PCB revision of ceb105 (both incl. connector for Active Radio Upgrade)
  • Cinergy 400 (saa7134), “E877 11(S)”, “PM820092D” printed on PCB
  • Cinergy 600 (saa7134)

7.9.27. Technisat¶


  • Discos ADR PC-Karte ISA (no TV!)
  • Discos ADR PC-Karte PCI (probably no TV?)
  • Techni-PC-Sat (Sat. analog)Rev 1.2 (zr36120, vpx3220, stv0030, saa5246, BSJE3-494A)
  • Mediafocus I (zr36120/zr36125, drp3510, Sat. analog + ADR Radio)
  • Mediafocus II (saa7146, Sat. analog)
  • SatADR Rev 2.1 (saa7146a, saa7113h, stv0056a, msp3400c, drp3510a, BSKE3-307A)
  • SkyStar 1 DVB (AV7110) = Technotrend Premium
  • SkyStar 2 DVB (B2C2) (=Sky2PC)

7.9.28. Siemens¶

Multimedia eXtension Board (MXB) (SAA7146, SAA7111)

7.9.29. Powercolor¶


  • MTV878

    Package comes with different contents:

  • MTV878R w/Remote Control

  • MTV878F w/Remote Control w/FM radio

7.9.30. Pinnacle¶

PCTV models:

  • Mirovideo PCTV (Bt848)
  • Mirovideo PCTV SE (Bt848)
  • Mirovideo PCTV Pro (Bt848 + Daughterboard for TV Stereo and FM)
  • Studio PCTV Rave (Bt848 Version = Mirovideo PCTV)
  • Studio PCTV Rave (Bt878 package w/o infrared)
  • Studio PCTV (Bt878)
  • Studio PCTV Pro (Bt878 stereo w/ FM)
  • Pinnacle PCTV (Bt878, MT2032)
  • Pinnacle PCTV Pro (Bt878, MT2032)
  • Pinncale PCTV Sat (bt878a, HM1821/1221) [“Conexant CX24110 with CX24108 tuner, aka HM1221/HM1811”]
  • Pinnacle PCTV Sat XE

M(J)PEG capture and playback models:

  • DC1+ (ISA)
  • DC10 (zr36057, zr36060, saa7110, adv7176)
  • DC10+ (zr36067, zr36060, saa7110, adv7176)
  • DC20 (ql16x24b,zr36050, zr36016, saa7110, saa7187 ...)
  • DC30 (zr36057, zr36050, zr36016, vpx3220, adv7176, ad1843, tea6415, miro FST97A1)
  • DC30+ (zr36067, zr36050, zr36016, vpx3220, adv7176)
  • DC50 (zr36067, zr36050, zr36016, saa7112, adv7176 (2 pcs.?), ad1843, miro FST97A1, Lattice ???)

7.9.31. Lenco¶


  • MXR-9565 (=Technisat Mediafocus?)
  • MXR-9571 (Bt848) (=CPH031?)
  • MXR-9575
  • MXR-9577 (Bt878) (=Prolink 878TV Rev.3x)
  • MXTV-9578CP (Bt878) (= Prolink PV-BT878P+4E)

7.9.32. Iomega¶

Buz (zr36067, zr36060, saa7111, saa7185)

7.9.33. LML¶

7.9.34. Grandtec¶


  • Grand Video Capture (Bt848)
  • Multi Capture Card (Bt878)

7.9.35. Koutech¶


  • KW-606 (Bt848)
  • KW-607 (Bt848 capture only)
  • KW-606RSF
  • KW-607A (capture only)
  • KW-608 (Zoran capture only)

7.9.36. IODATA (jp)¶


  • GV-VCP/PCI (capture only)
  • GV-VCP2/PCI (capture only)

7.9.37. Canopus (jp)¶

WinDVR = Kworld “KW-TVL878RF”

7.9.39. www.sasem.co.kr¶

Litte OnAir TV

7.9.40. hama¶

TV/Radio-Tuner Card, PCI (Model 44677) = CPH051

7.9.41. Sigma Designs¶

Hollywood plus (em8300, em9010, adv7175), (PCB “M340-10”) MPEG DVD decoder

7.9.42. Formac¶


  • iProTV (Card for iMac Mezzanine slot, Bt848+SCSI)
  • ProTV (Bt848)
  • ProTV II = ProTV Stereo (Bt878) [“stereo” means FM stereo, tv is still mono]

7.9.44. Diamond Multimedia¶

DTV2000 (Bt848, tda9875)

7.9.45. Aopen¶

  • VA1000 Plus (w/ Stereo)
  • VA1000 Lite
  • VA1000 (=LR90)

7.9.46. Intel¶


  • Smart Video Recorder (ISA full-length)
  • Smart Video Recorder pro (ISA half-length)
  • Smart Video Recorder III (Bt848)

7.9.47. STB¶


  • STB Gateway 6000704 (bt878)
  • STB Gateway 6000699 (bt848)
  • STB Gateway 6000402 (bt848)
  • STB TV130 PCI

7.9.48. Videologic¶


  • Captivator Pro/TV (ISA?)
  • Captivator PCI/VC (Bt848 bundled with camera) (capture only)

7.9.49. Technotrend¶


  • TT-SAT PCI (PCB “Sat-PCI Rev.:1.3.1”; zr36125, vpx3225d, stc0056a, Tuner:BSKE6-155A

  • TT-DVB-Sat
    • revisions 1.1, 1.3, 1.5, 1.6 and 2.1

    • This card is sold as OEM from:

      • Siemens DVB-s Card
      • Hauppauge WinTV DVB-S
      • Technisat SkyStar 1 DVB
      • Galaxis DVB Sat
    • Now this card is called TT-PCline Premium Family

    • TT-Budget (saa7146, bsru6-701a)This card is sold as OEM from:

    • TT-DVB-C PCI

7.9.50. Teles¶

7.9.51. Remote Vision¶

MX RV605 (Bt848 capture only)

7.9.52. Boeder¶


  • PC ChatCam (Model 68252) (Bt848 capture only)
  • Tv/Fm Capture Card (Model 68404) = PV951

7.9.53. Media-Surfer (esc-kathrein.de)¶


  • Sat-Surfer (ISA)
  • Sat-Surfer PCI = Techni-PC-Sat
  • Cable-Surfer 1
  • Cable-Surfer 2
  • Cable-Surfer PCI (zr36120)
  • Audio-Surfer (ISA Radio card)

7.9.54. Jetway (www.jetway.com.tw)¶


  • JW-TV 878M
  • JW-TV 878 = KWorld KW-TV878RF

7.9.55. Galaxis¶


  • Galaxis DVB Card S CI
  • Galaxis DVB Card C CI
  • Galaxis DVB Card S
  • Galaxis DVB Card C
  • Galaxis plug.in S [neuer Name: Galaxis DVB Card S CI

7.9.56. Hauppauge¶


  • many many WinTV models ...
  • WinTV DVBs = Technotrend Premium 1.3
  • WinTV NOVA = Technotrend Budget 1.1 “S-DVB DATA”
  • WinTV Nova USB (=Technotrend USB 1.0)
  • WinTV-Nexus-s (=Technotrend Premium 2.1 or 2.2)
  • WinTV PVR
  • WinTV PVR 250
  • WinTV PVR 450

US models

-990 WinTV-PVR-350 (249USD) (iTVC15 chipset + radio)-980 WinTV-PVR-250 (149USD) (iTVC15 chipset)-880 WinTV-PVR-PCI (199USD) (KFIR chipset + bt878)-881 WinTV-PVR-USB-190 WinTV-GO-191 WinTV-GO-FM-404 WinTV-401 WinTV-radio-495 WinTV-Theater-602 WinTV-USB-621 WinTV-USB-FM-600 USB-Live-698 WinTV-HD-697 WinTV-D-564 WinTV-Nexus-S

Deutsche Modelle:

-603 WinTV GO-719 WinTV Primio-FM-718 WinTV PCI-FM-497 WinTV Theater-569 WinTV USB-568 WinTV USB-FM-882 WinTV PVR-981 WinTV PVR 250-891 WinTV-PVR-USB-541 WinTV Nova-488 WinTV Nova-Ci-564 WinTV-Nexus-s-727 WinTV-DVB-c-545 Common Interface-898 WinTV-Nova-USB

UK models:

-607 WinTV Go-693,793 WinTV Primio FM-647,747 WinTV PCI FM-498 WinTV Theater-883 WinTV PVR-893 WinTV PVR USB (Duplicate entry)-566 WinTV USB (UK)-573 WinTV USB FM-429 Impact VCB (bt848)-600 USB Live (Video-In 1x Comp, 1xSVHS)-542 WinTV Nova-717 WinTV DVB-S-909 Nova-t PCI-893 Nova-t USB (Duplicate entry)-802 MyTV-804 MyView-809 MyVideo-872 MyTV2Go FM-546 WinTV Nova-S CI-543 WinTV Nova-907 Nova-S USB-908 Nova-T USB-717 WinTV Nexus-S-157 DEC3000-s Standalone + USB


-685 WinTV-Go-690 WinTV-PrimioFM-416 WinTV-PCI Nicam Estereo-677 WinTV-PCI-FM-699 WinTV-Theater-683 WinTV-USB-678 WinTV-USB-FM-983 WinTV-PVR-250-883 WinTV-PVR-PCI-993 WinTV-PVR-350-893 WinTV-PVR-USB-728 WinTV-DVB-C PCI-832 MyTV2Go-869 MyTV2Go-FM-805 MyVideo (USB)

Telsignal Mobile Phones & Portable Devices Drivers

7.9.57. Matrix-Vision¶


  • MATRIX-Vision MV-Delta
  • MATRIX-Vision MV-Delta 2
  • MVsigma-SLC (Bt848)
Telsignal Mobile Phones & Portable Devices Driver

7.9.58. Conceptronic (.net)¶


  • TVCON FM, TV card w/ FM = CPH05x
  • TVCON = CPH06x

7.9.59. BestData¶


  • HCC100 = VCC100rev1 + camera
  • VCC100 rev1 (bt848)
  • VCC100 rev2 (bt878)

7.9.60. Gallant (www.gallantcom.com) www.minton.com.tw¶


  • Intervision IV-510 (capture only bt8x8)
  • Intervision IV-550 (bt8x8)
  • Intervision IV-100 (zoran)
  • Intervision IV-1000 (bt8x8)

7.9.61. Asonic (www.asonic.com.cn) (website down)¶

SkyEye tv 878

7.9.63. Teppro (www.itcteppro.com.tw)¶



  • ITC PCITV (Card Ver 1.0) “Teppro TV1/TVFM1 Card”
  • ITC PCITV (Card Ver 2.0)
  • ITC PCITV (Card Ver 3.0) = “PV-BT878P+ (REV.9D)”
  • ITC PCITV (Card Ver 4.0)
  • TEPPRO IV-550 (For BT848 Main Chip)
  • ITC DSTTV (bt878, satellite)
  • ITC VideoMaker (saa7146, StreamMachine sm2110, tvtuner) “PV-SM2210P+ (REV:1C)”

7.9.64. Kworld (www.kworld.com.tw)¶

PC TV Station:

  • KWORLD KW-TV878R TV (no radio)
  • KWORLD KW-TV878RF TV (w/ radio)
  • KWORLD KW-TVL878RF (low profile)
  • KWORLD KW-TV713XRF (saa7134)
MPEG TV Station (same cards as above plus WinDVR Software MPEG en/decoder)
  • KWORLD KW-TV878R -Pro TV (no Radio)
  • KWORLD KW-TV878RF-Pro TV (w/ Radio)
  • KWORLD KW-TV878R -Ultra TV (no Radio)
  • KWORLD KW-TV878RF-Ultra TV (w/ Radio)

7.9.65. JTT/ Justy Corp.(http://www.jtt.ne.jp/)¶

JTT-02 (JTT TV) “TV watchmate pro” (bt848)

7.9.66. ADS www.adstech.com¶


  • Channel Surfer TV ( CHX-950 )
  • Channel Surfer TV+FM ( CHX-960FM )

7.9.67. AVEC www.prochips.com¶

AVEC Intercapture (bt848, tea6320)

7.9.68. NoBrand¶

TV Excel = Australian Name for “PV-BT878P+ 8E” or “878TV Rev.3_”

7.9.70. Eline www.eline-net.com/¶


  • Eline Vision TVMaster / TVMaster FM (ELV-TVM/ ELV-TVM-FM) = LR26 (bt878)
  • Eline Vision TVMaster-2000 (ELV-TVM-2000, ELV-TVM-2000-FM)= LR138 (saa713x)

7.9.71. Spirit¶

  • Spirit TV Tuner/Video Capture Card (bt848)

7.9.72. Boser www.boser.com.tw¶


  • HS-878 Mini PCI Capture Add-on Card
  • HS-879 Mini PCI 3D Audio and Capture Add-on Card (w/ ES1938 Solo-1)

7.9.73. Satelco www.citycom-gmbh.de, www.satelco.de¶


  • TV-FM =KNC1 saa7134
  • Standard PCI (DVB-S) = Technotrend Budget
  • Standard PCI (DVB-S) w/ CI
  • Satelco Highend PCI (DVB-S) = Technotrend Premium

7.9.74. Sensoray www.sensoray.com¶


  • Sensoray 311 (PC/104 bus)
  • Sensoray 611 (PCI)

7.9.75. CEI (Chartered Electronics Industries Pte Ltd [CEI] [FCC ID HBY])¶


  • TV Tuner - HBY-33A-RAFFLES Brooktree Bt848KPF + Philips
  • TV Tuner MG9910 - HBY33A-TVO CEI + Philips SAA7110 + OKI M548262 + ST STV8438CV
  • Primetime TV (ISA)
    • acquired by Singapore Technologies
    • now operating as Chartered Semiconductor Manufacturing
    • Manufacturer of video cards is listed as:
      • Cogent Electronics Industries [CEI]

7.9.76. AITech¶


  • Wavewatcher TV (ISA)
  • AITech WaveWatcher TV-PCI = can be LR26 (Bt848) or LR50 (BT878)
  • WaveWatcher TVR-202 TV/FM Radio Card (ISA)

7.9.77. MAXRON¶

Maxron MaxTV/FM Radio (KW-TV878-FNT) = Kworld or JW-TV878-FBK

7.9.78. www.ids-imaging.de¶


  • Falcon Series (capture only)

In USA: http://www.theimagingsource.com/- DFG/LC1

7.9.79. www.sknet-web.co.jp¶

SKnet Monster TV (saa7134)

7.9.80. A-Max www.amaxhk.com (Colormax, Amax, Napa)¶

APAC Viewcomp 878

7.9.81. Cybertainment¶


  • CyberMail AV Video Email Kit w/ PCI Capture Card (capture only)
  • CyberMail Xtreme

These are Flyvideo

7.9.82. VCR (http://www.vcrinc.com/)¶

Video Catcher 16

7.9.83. Twinhan¶


  • DST Card/DST-IP (bt878, twinhan asic) VP-1020- Sold as:

    • KWorld DVBS Satellite TV-Card
    • Powercolor DSTV Satellite Tuner Card
    • Prolink Pixelview DTV2000
    • Provideo PV-911 Digital Satellite TV Tuner Card With Common Interface ?
  • DST-CI Card (DVB Satellite) VP-1030

  • DCT Card (DVB cable)

7.9.84. MSI¶


  • MSI TV@nywhere Tuner Card (MS-8876) (CX23881/883) Not Bt878 compatible.
  • MS-8401 DVB-S

7.9.85. Focus www.focusinfo.com¶

InVideo PCI (bt878)

7.9.86. Sdisilk www.sdisilk.com/¶


  • SDI Silk 100
  • SDI Silk 200 SDI Input Card

7.9.88. PMC/Pace¶

www.pacecom.co.uk website closed

7.9.89. Mercury www.kobian.com (UK and FR)¶


  • LR50
  • LR138RBG-Rx LR138

7.9.90. TEC sound¶

TV-Mate = Zoltrix VP-8482

Though educated googling found: www.techmakers.com

(package and manuals don’t have any other manufacturer info) TecSound

7.9.91. Lorenzen www.lorenzen.de¶

SL DVB-S PCI = Technotrend Budget PCI (su1278 or bsru version)

7.9.92. Origo (.uk) www.origo2000.com¶

PC TV Card = LR50

7.9.93. I/O Magic www.iomagic.com¶

PC PVR - Desktop TV Personal Video Recorder DR-PCTV100 = Pinnacle ROB2D-51009464 4.0 + Cyberlink PowerVCR II

7.9.94. Arowana¶

TV-Karte / Poso Power TV (?) = Zoltrix VP-8482 (?)

7.9.95. iTVC15 boards¶

kuroutoshikou.com ITVC15yuan.com MPG160 PCI TV (Internal PCI MPEG2 encoder card plus TV-tuner)

7.9.96. Asus www.asuscom.com¶


  • Asus TV Tuner Card 880 NTSC (low profile, cx23880)
  • Asus TV (saa7134)

7.9.97. Hoontech¶

  • HART Vision 848 (H-ART Vision 848)
  • HART Vision 878 (H-Art Vision 878)

7.10. Chips used at bttv devices¶

  • all boards:

    • Brooktree Bt848/848A/849/878/879: video capture chip
  • Board specific

    • Miro PCTV:

      • Philips or Temic Tuner
    • Hauppauge Win/TV pci (version 405):

      • Microchip 24LC02B or Philips 8582E2Y:

        • 256 Byte EEPROM with configuration information
        • I2C 0xa0-0xa1, (24LC02B also responds to 0xa2-0xaf)
      • Philips SAA5246AGP/E: Videotext decoder chip, I2C 0x22-0x23

      • TDA9800: sound decoder

      • Winbond W24257AS-35: 32Kx8 CMOS static RAM (Videotext buffer mem)

      • 14052B: analog switch for selection of sound source

  • PAL:

    • TDA5737: VHF, hyperband and UHF mixer/oscillator for TV and VCR 3-band tuners
    • TSA5522: 1.4 GHz I2C-bus controlled synthesizer, I2C 0xc2-0xc3
  • NTSC:

    • TDA5731: VHF, hyperband and UHF mixer/oscillator for TV and VCR 3-band tuners
    • TSA5518: no datasheet available on Philips site
  • STB TV pci:

    • ???
    • if you want better support for STB cards send me info!Look at the board! What chips are on it?

7.11. Specs¶

Philips http://www.Semiconductors.COM/pip/

Conexant http://www.conexant.com/

Micronas http://www.micronas.com/en/home/index.html

7.12. Thanks¶

Many thanks to:

  • Markus Schroeder <schroedm@uni-duesseldorf.de> for information on the Bt848and tuner programming and his control program xtvc.
  • Martin Buck <martin-2.buck@student.uni-ulm.de> for his great Videotextpackage.
  • Gerd Hoffmann for the MSP3400 support and the modularI2C, tuner, ... support.
  • MATRIX Vision for giving us 2 cards for free, which made support ofsingle crystal operation possible.
  • MIRO for providing a free PCTV card and detailed information about thecomponents on their cards. (E.g. how the tuner type is detected)Without their card I could not have debugged the NTSC mode.
  • Hauppauge for telling how the sound input is selected and what componentsthey do and will use on their radio cards.Also many thanks for faxing me the FM1216 data sheet.

7.13. Contributors¶

Michael Chu <mmchu@pobox.com>
AverMedia fix and more flexible card recognition
Alan Cox <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk>
Video4Linux interface and 2.1.x kernel adaptation
Chris Kleitsch
Hardware I2C
Gerd Hoffmann
Radio card (ITT sound processor)

bigfoot <bigfoot@net-way.net>

Ragnar Hojland Espinosa <ragnar@macula.net>
ConferenceTV card
  • many more (please mail me if you are missing in this list and would

    like to be mentioned)

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